Fingernail Fungus Treatment: Relieve the Fingernail Worries

The condition of having a fungal infection of the nail is termed Onychomycosis . It is the most common disease of the nails and constitutes about a half of all nail abnormalities. This condition may affect toenails or fingernails, but toenail infections are particularly common. Aging is the most common risk factor for onychomycosis due to diminished blood circulation, longer exposure to fungi, and nails which grow more slowly and thicken, increasing susceptibility to infection. Nail fungus tends to affect men more often than women, and is associated with a family history of this infection.

Fungal Nail Infection

This type of fungal infection develops on nails continually exposed to warm, moist environments, such as sweaty shoes or shower floors. Nail fungus isn’t the same as athlete’s foot, which primarily affects the skin of the feet, but at times the two may coexist and can be caused by the same type of fungus. As the finger nail fungus spreads deeper into your nail, it may cause your nail to discolor, thicken and develop crumbling edges which is an unsightly and potentially painful problem.

There are different classifications of nail fungus depending on type of fungus and manifestation which may have somewhat different signs and symptoms. In general, however, you may have a nail fungal infection if one or more of your nails are thickened, brittle, crumbly or ragged, distorted in shape, dull, with no luster or shine, and a dark color, caused by debris building up under your nail. Infected nails also may separate from the nail bed, a condition called onycholysis. You may feel pain in your toes or fingertips and detect a slightly foul odor. Once a nail fungal infection begins, it can persist indefinitely if not treated.

See your doctor at the first sign of nail fungus, which is often a tiny white or yellow spot under the tip of your nail. An infection with nail fungus may be difficult to treat, and it may recur but fingernail fungus treatment is now developed with the aid of specialized medications and home remedies for mild cases.

Treatments

Recurrent infections are common in nail fungus which makes it hard to find the effective fingernail fungus treatment sometimes. The treatment is classified accordingly depending on the health related factors possessed by the individual having this fungal problem. Over-the-counter antifungal nail creams and ointments are available, but they aren’t very effective. To treat nail fungus, your doctor may prescribe an oral antifungal medication.

Studies have shown the most effective treatments to be terbinafine (Lamisil) and itraconazole (Sporanox). Doctors recommend oral medication for those having diabetes, history of cellulitis, and those who are having pain or discomfort from the nail infection. These medications help a new nail grow free of infection, slowly replacing the infected portion of your nail. Recurrent infections are possible, especially if you continue to expose your nails to warm, moist conditions. Antifungal drugs may cause side effects ranging from skin rashes to liver damage. Doctors may not recommend them for people with liver disease or congestive heart failure or for those taking certain medications.

Other fingernail fungus treatment options include antifungal lacquer, topical medication, and surgery. If you have a mild to moderate infection of nail fungus, your doctor may prefer to prescribe an antifungal nail polish called ciclopirox (Penlac). You paint it on your infected nails and surrounding skin once a day. Your doctor may also opt for other topical antifungal medications. You may be advised to use these creams with an over-the-counter lotion containing urea to help speed up absorption. Topical medications usually don’t cure nail fungus, but they may be used with oral medications. If your nail infection is severe or extremely painful, your doctor may suggest removing your nail.

A new nail will usually grow in its place, though it will come in slowly and may take as long as a year to grow back completely. Sometimes surgery is used in combination with ciclopirox to treat the nail bed.

Home Remedies

Many alternatives can be done as a fingernail fungus treatment but this is only applicable for the mild stage of nail fungal infection. The severe stages are dealt by the doctors which require close monitoring and intensive treatments. The fastest way to get rid of toenail fungus or fingernail is the mixture of vinegar with three percent hydrogen peroxide. This is mixed together in equal parts. When the mixture is done, you can soak your feet or fingers with the infected nails until there is no fizzing and when there is minimum discoloration. Some people will feel as slight pinch after awhile.

This is then followed by getting your hands soaked in bleach. A strong concentration is one cap per half glass of water. Stir and soak and leave your finger with fungus for about thirty seconds. Rinse in water and dry it and follow this with a mixture of vaseline and tea tree oil combined in equal portions. Put in on the fingernail and put on band-aid and leave it on for a whole day and repeat the vinegar and hydrogen peroxide again, followed by the given mixture of vaseline and tea tree oil again. Do this procedure for at least three to four days and the result must take effect within the said period.

Band-Aid is not absolutely required depending on circumstances. It just helps you save time in preventing the reapplication throughout the whole day. You can reapply it for a whole week to keep that tea tree oil -vaseline throughout the day. In case of a toenail, especially if you use tennis shoes or shoes that prevent air circulation or no sunlight, then it Band-Aid and vaseline-tea tree application maybe necessary. For those who have fingernail fungus, avoid using any nail polish as most colored nail polish covers up the fingernail, causing or encouraging fungus growth.

Getting your hands expose of fungus and sunlight is helpful. In countries where weather is cold, people often use dark gloves; however they are often not laundered. Try to get gloves laundered once a day, if possible using bleach or other bleaches such as sodium percarbonate or the old standby of sodium perborate. If symptoms persist, there is still a need to consult your doctor.

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